Physiotherapy is a treatment method that focuses on the science of movement and helps people to restore, maintain and maximise their physical strength, function, motion, and overall well-being by addressing the underlying physical issues.
Physiotherapy can help treat a variety of medical conditions, be it post-accident recovery, surgery rehabilitation, or any other disabilities. It also helps in pain management by reducing the symptoms of both mild and long-term underlying medical conditions. It also works wonders in reducing issues like stress, anxiety, obesity, etc.
Various health conditions can be managed and treated with the help of physiotherapy equipment. The most common ones are listed below.
1. Neurological Conditions
Neurological conditions are disorders that affect and alter the functioning of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves throughout the body. The most commonly treated neurological conditions under physiotherapy are:
Spinal Cord Injury
Acquired or Traumatic Brain Injury
Motor Neuron Disease
2. Musculoskeletal Conditions
Musculoskeletal conditions affect the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, etc. Musculoskeletal injuries can affect the mobility and function of the human body. The most common musculoskeletal conditions are:
Pre And Post Surgery Rehabilitation
Sprains And Strains
3. Autoimmune Disorders
Autoimmune disorders are caused when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body and damages healthy cells. The immune system's primary function is to protect the body and fight against foreign invaders such as germs and viruses. A few common autoimmune disorders are:
Guillain Barre Syndrome
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Type 1 Diabetes
4. Paediatric Conditions
Paediatric conditions affect the mental and physical health of children. It affects growth and development in young children due to the underlying condition that can occur before, during, or after birth. A Few common paediatric conditions are:
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Developmental Coordination Disorder
People have now started considering physiotherapy equipment to deal with various kinds of health problems. Since things have changed dramatically in recent years, it is easier today to buy physiotherapy equipment that helps with exercises, pain management, and overall well-being.
Physiotherapy Exercise Equipment Can Be Classified As Follows
1. Range of Motion Equipment
a. Wand/ exercise stick
Aids in achieving active-assisted shoulder range of motion and shoulder stretches
Used as a supportive aid for people with standing, walking difficulties, and old people.
b. Shoulder Wheel
Helps with shoulder rehabilitation post shoulder injuries or surgery
Ideal for stretching and warming up the shoulder muscles before a workout,
c. Shoulder Ladder
Used to restore range of motion of the shoulder, wrist, and elbow joints.
Enhances shoulder flexibility and is a part of the shoulder rehabilitation programme in most of the shoulder and upper back conditions.
d. Shoulder Pulley
Works your core, back, arms, hips, and legs while allowing you to move in any direction or position.
Helps enhance rotator cuff and shoulder range of motion post-surgery or accident
Used for flexibility and core activation exercises.
Mainly used to treat children with developmental delays, etc.
f. Mulligan Belts
Reduces discomfort and increases the range of motion of the spine and limbs without causing pain
Used in stretches to improve and maintain flexibility
g. Foot/ Ankle Exerciser
Helps in restoring ankle range
Enhances bone density and balance
h. Finger/ Wrist Exerciser
Improves hand grip and range of motion
Strengthens muscles of the hand
i. CPM ( Continuous Passive Motion ) Machine
Restores knee and hip range of motion post injuries or surgery
Strengthens muscles and promotes blood circulation
2. Strength Training Equipment
a. Resistance Bands
Used for activities that address a particular body region
Beneficial for targeting smaller muscles that serve as stabilisers.
b. Medicine Balls
Targets the abdomen and oblique muscle while strengthening both the upper and lower body.
Improves balance, posture, and overall health.
c. Sandbags/Weight Cuffs
Helps in strength and endurance training.
Allows you to add resistance to basic movements for deeper workouts that have more effect.
Assists in gaining strength, increasing muscle mass, improving coordination, and correcting muscular imbalances.
Increases muscle activation by improving muscular coordination.
Used for improving grip strength and core power.
Enhances endurance, balance, and stability.
Used in deadlift and squats
Effective in building muscle mass
Helps to perform various exercises and burns fat
Works on major muscle groups and aids in muscle development
h. NMES ( Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation )
Use of specific electric currents for muscle strengthening, maintenance of muscle mass, and strength during prolonged periods of immobilisation.
Primarily used in conditions like spinal cord injury, stroke, etc.
3. Balance and Gait Training equipment
a. Wobble/Balance Board
Useful for balance, athletic performance, postural control, and coordination.
Beneficial for fall prevention training.
Improves balance, muscular coordination, and nerve coordination.
Helps in rehabilitation and strength training
Can be used as a balance training tool
Focuses on the back, core, leg muscles, neck, arms, and glutes activation and strengthening
d. CP Chair
CP or cerebral palsy chair is used to tackle movement challenges in children and for postural training
It also helps in balance and strength training
e. Training Stairs/ Ramps
Also known as training ramps, is an excellent way to increase mobility, strength, balance, and coordination of the lower body primarily.
Helps maintain healthy lungs, heart, and muscles while also providing anaerobic conditioning.
f. Parallel Bars
Facilitates training for standing, walking, and balancing exercises
Helps in restoring confidence and independence for patients relearning to walk
g. Postural Training Mirror
Provides visual feedback while exercising and walking
Reduces tension in the neck and shoulder region and prevents headaches.
h. Virtual Balancing System
Effective in preventing falls and balance training
Helps to treat the pain that people with amputated limbs sometimes feel in their missing limbs
i. Gait Training Equipment
Enhances balance and posture by muscle activation and by building muscle strength
Increases locomotor performance and reduces fall
4. Aerobic Training
The heart, lungs, and circulatory system all benefit from walking on a treadmill.
Promotes weight loss, strengthens muscles and bones, and relieves stress.
Aids in increasing the heart rate, burning calories, and losing body fat
Helps in improving fitness, balance, coordination, bone strength, and muscle endurance of both the upper and lower body.
c. Aerobic Stepper
Increases general fitness by strengthening muscles, promoting weight loss, and improving heart health.
Improves overall fitness by increasing strength, weight loss, and cardiovascular health.
d. Upper/ Lower Body Ergometer
Used for improving the range and work generating capacity of upper or lower body post injuries or surgery.
Also used in cardiovascular training.
Although exercise equipment helps in improving mobility, flexibility, and functions it is advised to take consultation from a certified and experienced physical therapist before installing or purchasing any physiotherapy equipment as you might waste money on something that won’t have a positive impact on your health. Read the instructions thoroughly before using the tools. Make sure that you start slow and then proceed to work with it in greater intensity.